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Archive for the ‘smoking’ Category

HealthDay (http://tinyurl.com/ADHD-and-Smoking 11/23, Thomas) reported, “Children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy or who were exposed to lead have more than double the risk of having” AD/HD “as other children.” Based on their study of “2,588 children aged eight to 15 from around the” US, scientists from Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center “concluded that about 38 percent of AD/HD cases among children” in that age group “may be caused by prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke, while 25 percent of AD/HD cases are due to lead exposure.”

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cigarettesMedwire(Grasmo http://tinyurl.com/smoking-and-suicide) reports that, according to a study published online Oct. 14 in the journal Bipolar Disorders, “current cigarette smoking is a predictor for current and nine-month suicidal ideation and behavior in” patients with bipolar disorder (BD). After examining “the association between smoking, suicidality, and prospective suicide attempts in 116 BD patients over a nine-month period,” Harvard Medical School researchers found that smokers were “5.25-fold more likely to attempt suicide than nonsmokers (16.1 percent vs. 3.5 percent).”

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chantix (10/1, Boyles) reported that, according to a study published Oct. 1 in BMJ Online First, the risk of “suicide and suicidal thoughts” associated with the antismoking medication Chantix (varenicline) may “be very small.” British researchers “compared the incidence of suicide and self-harm among smokers taking Chantix to that of smokers using…Zyban [bupropion] or nicotine-replacement products to help them” stop smoking. Investigators then “identified 80,660 adults who were prescribed smoking-cessation products between Sept. 2006 and May 2008.” After using “electronic medical records” to search “for evidence of fatal and non-fatal self-harm, suicidal thoughts, and depression over the period in which the treatments were used up until three months after the last prescription was filled,” the team “found no clear evidence of an increased risk of self-harm, suicidal thoughts, or depression in Chantix users or users of any of the other products.”

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cigarettesA health column in Indiana’s News-Sentinel (9/28, Boen) interviews psychiatrist Eric Heiligenstein, MD, of the University of Wisconsin’s University Health Services in Madison, who “has made nicotine’s effects on people with mental-health or addictive disorders a major focus of research and advocacy.” Dr. Heiligenstein pointed out that “22 percent of adults have a psychiatric disorder, yet they consume 45 percent of cigarettes smoked in the US.” Moreover, “the number of diagnosed psychiatric disorders a person has correlates significantly with nicotine usage.” According to Dr. Heiligenstein, “smoking worsens psychiatric illnesses, he said, but lack of education on that — along with lack of funding for cessation programs and interventions — magnifies the problem.” Unfortunately, “the average medical student gets one to two hours of smoking cessation-related education over four years. And psychiatrists get only one.”

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