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Posts Tagged ‘ADD’

The Los Angeles Times (1/10, Shaikin) reported that, according to a report released last week by Major League Baseball’s (MLB) drug-testing administrator, “the number of” baseball “players approved for” attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) “medication rose last year.” Specifically, the report found that “106 therapeutic use exemptions for” AD/HD medications “were issued last year, up from the 103 exemptions reported to Congress in 2007.” Physician Gary Walder, M.D., advisor to the World Anti-Doping Agency, was “dismayed” by the fact that “eight percent of players would require” such medications, particularly when “the disorder is diagnosed in three to five percent of children, and a smaller percentage of adults.”
        But, according to the AP (1/11, Blum), Rob Manfred, MLB’s executive vice president of labor relations, “said it would be a mistake to compare AD/HD in baseball with statistics for the general population.” Manfred stated, “We are all male. We are far younger than the general population, and we have far better access to medical care than the general population.” Meanwhile, Rep. Henry Waxman (D-CA), “who chaired hearings into drug use in baseball, said he remained concerned about the large number of exemptions.” The AP noted that MLB “toughened its testing program after the 2007 season following recommendations by former Senate majority leader George Mitchell (D-ME), who spent” about eighteen months “investigating performance-enhancing drugs in baseball.”

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Researchers say AD/HD may hamper teenagers’ efforts to drive.*

UPI (11/6) reports, “Researchers at Tel Aviv University in Israel caution
that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) may hinder a
teenager’s effort to drive.” They suggest that “youth who fail their
drivers’ tests over and over may be suffering from AD/HD. Even if they
eventually pass these tests, they’re still more likely than others to become
involved in car accidents.” In addition, the researchers “devised a
therapist-supervised approach to retrain AD/HD teens on how to drive.”
Study indicates insomnia in some adults may be linked to neurochemical
abnormalities.
UPI (11/5) reports, “US researchers say they have linked neurochemical
abnormalities to insomnia in young and middle-age adults,” according to a
study published in the journal Sleep. The investigators “used proton
magnetic resonance spectroscopy to non-invasively determine the 16
participants suffering insomnia for more than six months had 30 percent less
of the most common inhibiting transmitter in the brain — gamma-aminobutyric
acid (GABA) — than a well-matched control group.” The authors said that
“GABA decreases overall activity in many brain areas, helping the brain to
‘shut down,’ and point out that having a ‘racing mind’ and an inability to
shut down at night is a common complaint of people with primary insomnia.”

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Study suggests children who suffer injuries as infants may have a higher
risk of AD/HD later in life.
The UK’s Press Association (11/7) reports, “Children who develop”
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) “in later life may have
been more likely to suffer injuries as an infant,” according to a study
published in the BMJ.
Lead author Heather Keenan, M.D., of the University of Utah, and
colleagues, “collected data on 62,088 children who were registered in a
British health improvement network database,” HealthDay (11/6, Reinberg)
added. The authors “compared the children with head injuries to two other
groups: children with a burn/scald injury before the age of two, and all the
other non-injured children.” They “found that children with early head
injury did have a 90 percent higher incidence of AD/HD diagnosis before they
were 10, compared with children in the general population.” But, “children
with a scalding injury also had a higher risk of being diagnosed with AD/HD,
70 percent to be exact.” Based on these findings, the researchers concluded
that “the head injury did not appear to cause the AD/HD.” Dr. Keenan also
suggested that “this finding may mean that some very young children are
already showing behavioral traits that are the hallmarks of AD/HD.” The UK’s
Telegraph (11/7, Devlin) also covers the story.

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