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Posts Tagged ‘caffeine and nicotine increase suicide risk in bipolar patients’

ccMedWire (7/21, Grasmo) reports that, according to a study published online July 10 in the journal Bipolar Disorders, there may be “an association between suicidal acts and smoking and coffee consumption in bipolar disorder (BPD) patients.” For the study, researchers from Germany’s University of Cologne “conducted a retrospective analysis of demographic and clinical factors among 352 patients with BPD I and II, comparing results in patients who did and did not (19 percent) consume nicotine or caffeine.” The team found that “current smoking and coffee drinking were common in BPD patients (46 percent and 74 percent, respectively) and were significantly and independently associated with suicidal acts following multivariate analysis, with corresponding odds ratios (ORs) of 1.79 and 2.42.” In addition, “patients who used either substance had a 2.66 relative risk for suicide compared with patients who neither smoked nor drank coffee (23.9 percent vs. 9.0 percent, respectively).”

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